Parole v. Probation

Parole v. Probation

Parole v. Probation

There are many terms out there that most people mix up. Often times, these terms are closely related and describe similar, yet different, things. The terms are often used so closely together that people begin to assume they mean the same thing. A good example of this would the difference between parole and probation.

Just about everyone knows that these two terms have something to do with getting out of jail. However, that is usually the extent of most people’s knowledge on the matter. This is due to the fact that they would rather not spend time learning about terms they will likely never need to know about. Unfortunately for some, the jail has a way of sneaking up on them. This makes it important to know the difference between these two terms.

Probation is often a replacement for a jail or prison sentence. A person is given probation by their case judge, and they have set of rules or conditions that they have to follow which vary from case to case. If they fail to follow those, then they will be taken into custody. However, if they follow all of the rules, then they can finish their sentence without ever setting foot in jail or prison.

Parole deals with a person who was recently released from prison. When a person is released from prison, they are not immediately free. They have to go through a sort of trial period, which is what parole is. The person has to prove they are rehabilitated by meeting certain conditions while out on their own. The person is assigned a parole officer that they have to meet with on a regular basis.

It is easy to see that while these two terms are similar, they are also very different. Probation is a way to stay out of jail or prison, while parole is what happens after a person is released from prison.

Both, however, do require the person to be on their best behavior, or else they may end up behind bars.


Jail isn’t the Love Shack

Jail isn’t the Love Shack

Jail isn’t the Love Shack

Relationships are hard to handle. They are complicated puzzles that take time, work, and communication. In today’s world, they also require attention or a presence on social media, making the overall relationship harder. Then life happens and balancing a relationship feels impossible, especially if your significant other lands themselves in jail.

Having a relationship with someone while they are in jail is not easy. Between accepting that they are in jail and why they’re in in jail, it makes any relationship shake. It doesn’t matter if you’ve been married for several years, or together for two, having a significant other in jail is not easy. One of the reasons why it is so difficult on the relationship is the lack of communication. While your significant other is incarcerated, you won’t be able to communicate in the same way.

Unfortunately, while your loved one is in jail or prison, they won’t have access their cell phone and will have limited access to phones in general. When they are able to make phone calls, you will have to pay a hefty price to talk with them. The cost of phone calls will make having conversations with your loved one extra difficult. Your next form of communication will be through letters. Letters are a slower way to communicate and you’ll have to pay for stamps as well.

You may also be able to have visitation time with your loved one. Conjugal visits can happen, but they are considered a privilege. They are also often limited and only approved if you are married. If you can’t get a conjugal visit, you may be able to visit them on selected days. Some prisons allow monthly or weekly visitors for certain hours of the day.

Besides the difficult methods of communication, you’ll also have to deal with the stigma. No one ever aspires to fall in love with a prisoner. There aren’t any fairytales or happily-ever-after stories that involve visiting a loved one in jail. Your family and friends may have opposing opinions about your relationship. Their opinions can add tension and stress to your relationship.

The best way to avoid this frustrating situation is by calling a bail bonds company to bail your loved one out of jail for the remainder of their trial. That way you can bypass the lack of communication.


Annoying Neighbors Getting to You?

Annoying Neighbors Getting to You?

Annoying Neighbors Getting to You?

When you move into your first house or apartment, you’re faced with new problems that you previously never considered before. Things like what kind of paper towels to buy, where to do laundry, how to do laundry, and many other adult tasks. When you decide on a first home, you mainly are focused on appearances. If the potential home looks good, and has everything you need, you’re probably going to jump at the opportunity to rent or own it. What you didn’t pay attention to, are the finer details. For example, you didn’t notice that the neighbors are continuously loud.

Loud neighbors can take away from any exciting moment. You could be watching an intense scene of your favorite show only to be cut off by your neighbor’s home garage band. You could be on the phone with your boss and your boss might hear yelling from your neighbors. This could be frustrating to anyone. First, it’s courteous to give your neighbors the benefit of the doubt. You should try approaching them and explain your grievances about the noise issues.

If confronting your neighbors about the noise issues doesn’t work, the next step is contacting your landlord. If you don’t have a landlord, you’ll skip to the following step of contacting the police. Before you contact the police you need to make sure you’re contacting them for a good reason. Your neighbors need to be either causing excessive noise during quiet hours, high decibel noise, or unreasonable noise.

California has the Noise Control Act that helps provide Californians with silence. The act is a part of the California Health and Safety Code. It acknowledges that excessive noise is detrimental to public health and welfare. The act also recognizes that Californians have the fundamental right to peaceful and quiet enjoyment of their property without unnecessary noise.

Annoying neighbors who cause too much noise can receive fines for disturbing the peace. They could also receive multiple fines if they break their county’s laws about noise. Each county has different laws regarding quiet hours, and what is considered excessive noise.

City areas will have different ordinances than rural areas will. To know more about the noise laws where you live, you will need to look at your county and city’s ordinances.


According to California, You Can’t Go Here

According to California, You Can’t Go Here

According to California, You Can’t Go Here

California is at it again with some interesting laws. Sometimes you read headlines and you find yourself scratching your head thinking it can’t be true. Well, sometimes the truth is borderline crazy. Yes, California does actually have travel bans to various states in the nation. Who knew that states could ban each other?

These travel bans aren’t actually that bad. What these travel bans mean is that the government of California won’t fund visits to certain states. This means if your school has a competition in one of these states, California won’t provide funding for the trip. These travel bans also apply to businesses in California as well. This doesn’t mean you can’t travel to these states if you want. These bans just mean that California won’t sponsor you to go.

California’s travel bans currently affect nine states. These states are banned because according to law AB 1887, California is a leader in protecting civil rights and preventing discrimination and should not support or finance states who discriminate against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. This law is meant to show solidarity with the LGBT community as well as encourage other states to follow suit.

The following states are currently banned:

  • Alabama
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Oklahoma
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas

The problem with this law is that it’s affecting our education here in California. Conferences that college students typically get to go to are canceled because of their location. Sports conferences and science conventions are not being funded and are limiting our student’s ability to go. Students at California Universities across the state planned on attending a conference in Memphis, Tennessee. Unfortunately, the group of 18 students won’t be able to attend without the help of state funding. Previously a preliminary round for the men’s Basketball series that feature UC Berkeley and the University of Kansas was canceled because of this law as well.

The message the state of California is trying send will hopefully be understood nationally. We are currently willing to give up the educational opportunities to make statements against states like Oklahoma, who was recently added to the list. The Oklahoma governor signed a bill that allows private adoption agencies to deny same-sex couples from their adoption services on the basis of “religious or moral convictions or policies. According to California Executive Director Rick Zbur, “Every child deserves a loving, supportive family, and it’s neither pro-child, nor pro-family, for Oklahoma to deny them one.”

This California law is just a giant step for the state to try to ensure equality for everyone across the nation. Only time will tell if this law will help or hurt things here in California and the rest of the United States.


Fourth of July

Have a Safe Fourth of July

Fourth of July

Everyone loves getting together with family and friends and having a good time. Arguably, one of the best times to do so is during the summer. The weather is nice and warm. The days are longer, and the evenings nice and refreshing. This is why most Americans see summer as barbeque weather. One of the biggest days for barbeques and parties in the summer, is the Fourth of July.

Every year, we love to celebrate our independence day by getting together with friends and family members and enjoying some good food and drink. Then in the evening, we get to watch some pretty spectacular fireworks displays.

This is all great and fun, provided everyone remains responsible. Everyone should know their limits when it comes to alcohol, and know when to call it quits. This is especially true for anyone who planned on driving home. A person should never drink any alcohol before getting behind the wheel of a car.

Another thing that people shouldn’t do involving alcohol on Fourth of July, is getting drunk and setting off fireworks. When a person is drunk, they don’t always make the best decisions, which is why they shouldn’t be playing with explosives. Though they are small, fireworks can still be dangerous and should be handled with care. After all, you don’t want to wind up on the news because a drunk loved one set your house on fire.

Drinking can be fun, when done responsibly. Know your limits, and you will be able to have a fun and safe Independence Day.


DUI Checkpoints and Independence Day

DUI Checkpoints and Independence Day

DUI Checkpoints and Independence Day

Whenever certain holidays roll around, you can bet that you will start to see more DUI checkpoints. This is due to the fact that more people drink alcohol around these holidays, and then proceed to get behind the wheel of a vehicle. Police officers know this, and do everything in their power to curb this problem, literally.

DUI checkpoints are not something to be afraid. Police officers pick a certain section of road to set up a checkpoint at, and the selection is posted in advance to give everyone fair warning. At the checkpoint, officers will stop traffic in order to talk to each individual driver who passes through.

The officers will ask to see your license and registration, as well as simple questions, such as:

  • Where are you going?
  • Where are you coming from?
  • Have you been drinking?

After that, so long as the officer doesn’t suspect that you are under the influence, he or she will let you go. However, if the officer does suspect DUI, you will be asked to pull over to the curb.

Once you have pulled over, another officer will begin talking to you in order to determine if you are indeed under the influence of drugs or alcohol. The officer may even issue a field sobriety test. If it is determined that you are under the influence, you will be arrested or held until someone can come to pick you up.

Getting behind the wheel of a car while drunk is never a good idea. It puts so many people at risk, and yet hundreds of people do it all of the time. This gets even worse around holidays like the Fourth of July, which is why you will see an increase in DUI checkpoints.

If you plan on going to a party this Independence Day and having a few drinks, also plan on having a designated driver to keep everyone safe and out of jail.


What Happens If a Minor Breaks a Law?

What Happens If a Minor Breaks a Law?

What Happens If a Minor Breaks a Law?

Getting arrested is not a great experience. Everyone knows that. However, it is not something that adults can’t handle. As an adult, a person knows that it will be rough, but eventually they will get out of jail again. Kids don’t understand that. Several things are so much worse as a kid than they are as an adult, and getting arrested is definitely one of those things.

When a minor gets into trouble with the law, they are often returned to the parents. The parents or other legal guardians are responsible for taking care of the minor and keeping him or her out of trouble. If the minor repeatedly commit the same crimes, then the parent will become responsible for paying for damages.

The minor may also have to go to juvenile court. If it is determined that a minor did commit the crime in question, they will face consequences. In juvenile court, the goal is not to punish minors who committed crimes, but to rehabilitate them. This way, they can go on to be productive members of society when they grow up.

Minors can end up on probation if they are caught committing lesser crimes, while more aggressive crimes can get a minor committed to the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ). The DJJ is equivalent of jail for minors and it is not a great place to be, just like regular jail and prison.

If a minor is convicted of certain lesser crimes, they may be able to have those records sealed when they turn 18. This will allow him or her to continue into adulthood without worry. Getting arrested as an adult is terrifying, but as a child it is so much worse.

This is why it is important for parents to talk to their children on a regular basis. Make sure your children know the difference between right and wrong.


Splitting California Into Three States

Splitting California Into Three States

Splitting California Into Three States

What started out as a rumor, or a nice thought, has turned into a real deal. This November, Californians will have a few serious measures to vote on. Californians will not only be voting on a new governor, but on whether or not California should be divided into 3 new, separate states.

The talk about California being divided into 3 parts has been around for a while. The Cal-3 is a three-state-initiative that was created by Tim Draper. It’s also been attached to the ideal of California seceding from the U.S. as well. Generally, talks of California changing its status as a state have been chalked up to just talks. However, this time around it could actually be a reality.

The measure to divide California up is a practical idea in some ways. The plan is to divide California into 3 parts: Northern, Southern, and California.

The states would be broken up by the following counties:

  • California: Los Angeles, Ventura, Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, Monterey, and San Benito counties.
  • Southern California: San Diego, San Bernardino, Orange, Riverside, Mono, Madera, Inyo, Tulare, Fresno, Kings, Kern, and Imperial counties.
  • Northern California: This would include the Bay Area and the 31 remaining counties north of Sacramento.

Under the measure, the three new California states could rename themselves. Each new state would also have their own governor.

One of the problems with passing this measure, will be dividing California up. It’s no secret that some parts of California make up more of the economy than the others. Some parts are more agriculturally productive, while others rely more on commercial business. According to the measure, the U.S. Congress would be in control of dividing up California’s money and debt.

There could be benefits to dividing California up. If you’ve ever visited northern and southern California, you know that they are very different. They’re different in their climate, culture, and beliefs. This is because their surrounding areas influence them. Even the beach cities, like Los Angeles are very different from Bakersfield. Dividing California up into three sections could give those parts a better system of government. They would actually have a government that thinks like them, and understand their needs based off of the environment.

There are a lot of exciting measures to vote for this November that we should all be educated on, and one of those measures will be Cal-3. There are many viewpoints on this measure, and it’s time to form yours.

It’s time to put in the effort and research this measure to decide if California should be divided into 3 parts.


You Won’t Believe How Homeless We Are

You Won’t Believe How Homeless We Are

You Won’t Believe How Homeless We Are

When you drive downtown in any city in Californian, there is at least one street that is home to the area’s homeless. These sections of towns are unclean, and people usually avoid them like the plague. Recently, you may have noticed an increase in the homeless population in California. There could be many factors that have contributed to the increase.

According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), California’s homeless population has increased 14% from the years 2016 to 2017. Those numbers mean that roughly 134,000 more people are without homes in California. Those are people of all ages, kids and elders, living without protection from the weather. Those people can’t afford to live here in California, but can’t afford to leave either.

In comparison to the rest of the world, California isn’t doing so great when it comes to homelessness. The national homeless population has only increased by 1% in 2017. The national average is actually lower than it was back in 2010. The price of housing could have influenced this according to National Public Radio (NPR). California ultimately ranks third when it comes to homeless population. Hawaii and New York have the highest number of homeless.

Recently in 2018, bills have been passed to help decrease the increase in homeless. These bills will help provide people with Section 8 housing, or more government assistance. This is meant to help with California’s homeless population. According to HUD, California’s homeless makeup for at least a quarter of the national homeless population.

The good news out of all this is that Californians are actively trying to fix this problem. The recent bills that were passed will greatly impact the homeless community. When we think of homeless people, we usually think about the creepy, unclean person begging for money for drugs. However, that isn’t always the case. There are kids, teenagers, and young adults that don’t have a place to go and are left on the streets.

No one chooses to be homeless. Remember, there are many factors that cause someone to be homeless.


What is Probation Anyways?

What is Probation Anyways?

What is Probation Anyways?

No one likes getting in trouble. We were all kids once, and experienced the feeling of disappointment from a parent. Then you try to move on, but you siblings or friends like to remind you of that one mistake you made 5 years ago. That makes it worse. Being reminded constantly of the mistake doesn’t make anyone feel better, but at least it’s better than being in jail.

Probation is what you’re stuck with after being released from jail. Probation is by definition, the release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behavior under supervision. Just think about it as a big brother or sister watching over you after making a mistake. They’re there to make sure you don’t end up making any more mistakes. Though that may be daunting, at least it’s not jail. Use this as an opportunity to turn over a new leaf.

California has two types of probation. One of them is called informal probation. Informal is usually when a defendant is released with a conditional sentence. It can also be referred to as summary probation. Those on informal probation have lax supervision. They don’t have a probation officer to report to. They only need to report to court simple things like: proof of completion of courses, getting arrested, or a change of address.

The other type of probation in California is called formal probation. This is the kind of probation most of us think of when we hear the phrase. This is when the defendant has an assigned probation officer and has to report to them anywhere from once every week or month. The officer can change the frequency of the check-ins as needed. This kind of probation is usually long-term and can last several years. However, judges can change a formal probation to informal probation if the defendant has exhibited good behavior.

Probation may be like a friend or older sibling watching over your shoulder, but that’s not necessarily a bad thing. Being watched over constantly is your chance to do right and be better.

Just remember that no one likes to get in trouble or even plans on getting into it. It is unfortunately, one of those that things just happen.