Proper etiquette is essential for making a good impression on other people, and this is especially true in the courtroom, especially for the defendant. The defendant is already in the courtroom with a disadvantage; this is the person who is being accused of a crime and is fighting against the charges so the jury finds him or her not guilty. While the jury and the judge deliberate and come to a decision based on the arguments brought forth from the defense and prosecution, the defendant’s appearance and overall courtroom etiquette leave an impression.
Here are some helpful tips on proper courtroom etiquette, which are especially helpful for the defendant:
- Arrive a little earlier than the start time of the trial so that you can have a few moments with your lawyer.
- If the defendant is out on bail, they should come to court dressed professionally and muted. This means no distracting and flashy clothing and jewelry. Hats and sunglasses should be removed. If the defendant was denied bail, then they will appear in their orange jumpsuit since they do not have access to their personal clothes.
- Sit and stand straight. Do not slouch.
- Speak only when asked to, and speak clearly.
- Answer only what is asked; do not freely provide other details and information.
- Make eye contact with those who are speaking to you and when you are answering them.
- Acknowledge the judge as “Your Honor.”
- Act and speak calmly and with courtesy. Do not let your anger grow.
- Make sure your cell phone is off or at least on silent. If applicable, leave your young children at home with a sitter. You do not want any disruptions.
- Use the restroom beforehand so you do not have to use it in the middle of the trial.
- As much as possible, let your lawyer do the talking. Again, speak only when asked to.
- Do not interrupt or speak over others. If there is an objection, your lawyer will be ready.
- It is okay to ask to have the question repeated or reworded. It is okay to say you do not understand or do not remember, but you must be honest.
A defendant’s appearance in court offers insight towards how seriously they are taking this situation. If they show up dressed sloppily, sit slouched in the chair, and make small gestures like smirking, rolling eyes, twiddling thumbs, tapping shoes, and constantly looking around and checking their watch, the judge and the jury will take this to mean that they are not serious about the situation. This could hurt them.