Getting along with everyone can be difficult. After all, everyone has different beliefs and opinions. However, just because two people don’t see eye to eye does not mean that they have to fight. Fights can lead to hurt feelings, and actual injuries if things become physical. No one wants that, or the legal consequences that can come with.
What some people may not realize is that getting into a fist fight with someone else in a public place is actually illegal here in California. In fact, anything that a person does in public that could be considered disturbing the peace can get them into trouble with the law.
California Penal Code 415
Here in California, Penal Code (PC) 415 is the state’s disturbing the peace law. This law makes it illegal for a person to:
- Start a fight, or challenge someone to a fight, in a public place. An example of this would be shoving someone at a bar and then fighting with that person.
- Willfully or maliciously disturbing another person with loud and unreasonable noises. A common example of this is when neighbors are arguing, so one sets up speakers pointed at the other’s house and plays loud music to annoy them.
- Using offensive words in public that are likely to provoke a fight. This can be as simple as using a racial slur in a public place.
With those definitions, it is somewhat easy to see what kind of actions can get a person into trouble with this law. Basically, anything that might get someone hurt, or annoy them enough to start a fight, can be considered disturbing the peace.
Penalties for Disturbing the Peace
Here in California, PC 415 is considered a wobbler offense. This means that it can either be charged as an infraction or as a misdemeanor. This all depends on what exactly the person did.
When charged as an infraction, the person faces relatively light consequences. For instance, the person does not face any jail time. However, they do face a maximum fine of $250.
When PC 415 is charged as a misdemeanor, a person faces:
- A max fine of $400.
- Up to 90 days in county jail.
- Informal probation.
If a person is accused of disturbing the peace while on school grounds and they are not a student or employee of the school, then they will automatically face misdemeanor charges. For a first time offense on school grounds, they will face the usual misdemeanor charges. For any subsequent offense on school grounds, the person will face harsher consequences, including:
- At least 90 days in jail.
- A max fine of $1,000.
This increase in punishment on school grounds is likely due to the fact that children are nearby. They could get hurt if a fight broke out, or pickup bad habits or traits from watching adults disturb the peace.
Don’t Start Fights
Everyone just wants to have a peaceful life. Unfortunately, not everyone can agree on how to do that. This can quickly lead to fighting. However, every Californian should be aware of the fact that getting into a fight, especially in public, can get a person into legal trouble. It can even get a person sent to jail for a few months. That is something that nobody wants to happen.
Disturbing the peace of other people can easily get a person into trouble. Luckily, it is pretty easy to determine what counts as disturbing the peace. If a person is doing something that would annoy themselves if it were happening to them, then they probably shouldn’t be doing that thing as it could likely be considered disturbing the peace. This is the golden rule after all, do to others what you would want done to yourself.